cognitive framework

Schemas are patterns of thought or behavior that organize information into categories abstractions that simplify a person’s world basic knowledge of an entity that serves as a guide to perception, interpretation, imagination, or problem solving based on past experiences and knowledge

can also lead to biases and stereotypes if they oversimplify or distort our understanding of individuals or groups

(think schematics, as in plans)

mental concept vs schema categorization

Thinking and Reasoning schema vs mental set - they are NOT the same. schema is a framework, mental set is an approach to problem-solving, more specifically, the tendency to approach the problem in the same way that was successful in the past

Frederick Bartlett - War of the Ghosts