Module 1: Introduction

Introduction to Research Methodologies What is Research Characteristics Objectives Motivation Types of Research analytical, descriptive; applied, fundamental; quant, qual; other - lab vs field, clinical, exploratory vs formalized; one time vs longitudinal; Types of Groups 1. Between 2. Within 3. Repeated Measures 4. Blocking

Ethical Considerations in Research Why IRB Ethical Issues

Types of research Analytical Descriptive Fundamental Applied Quantitative Qualitative

other - lab vs field; clinical/diagnostic, exploratory vs formalized, one time vs longitudinal

Module 2: Research Process

Research Problem and Sources What Why Characteristics Steps in Formulating Research Problem Sources of Research Problems

Literature Review Definition Why

Identifying Variables- Meaning; Types- Independent, dependent, extraneous, predictive

Constructing hypothesis- Meaning & types Hypothesis

Module 3: Research Process II: Sampling Techniques

Sample, Universe, Population Meaning of sample, aims in Criteria of good sample Sampling techniques: Probability sampling- random sampling, systematic sampling, cluster sampling, stratified sampling; Non-probability sampling- convenience sampling, snowball sampling, voluntary sampling, purposive sampling.

Module 4: Introduction to Statistics

Measurement - Research Methodology Relevance of Statistics in Research; Scales of Measurement. 

Frequency Distributions: Constructing Frequency Distribution, Relative Frequency Distribution and Cumulative Frequency Distribution. 

Graphic Representation of Data: Basic procedures; The Histogram; The Frequency Polygon; The Bar Diagram; The Pie Chart; The Cumulative Frequency Graph; Factors affecting the Shape of Graphs (Skewness and Kurtosis).

Module 5: Writing a Research Proposal

How to write a research proposal Stating the problem; Inferences from literature review; Identifying the variables; Operationalizing the variables; Stating the Hypotheses; Identifying the sample; Methods of data collection