1. Identification of Problem

State as a question

Steps in Formulating Research Problem

Identify broad field → Dissect the subareas → selected interested sub-area → raise research questions → formulate objective → Assess Objective → Double Check

A("Identify Broad Field")
B("Dissect subareas")
C("Select interested subarea")
D("Raise Research Questions")
E("Formulate Objective")
F("Assess Objective")
G("Double Check")
  • decide interest area
  • break it down to more specific areas
  • Raise research questions how? impact? what does it do, etc
  • Formulate the objective root objectives and sub-objectives
Link to original

2. Review of Literature

(remember that your problem is most definitely NOT NOVEL) Look at existing literature published in a journal

3. Objective Of Study

To find out factors affecting problem gender, location, birth order, age, etc

4. Formulate Hypothesis

Null or alternate hypothesis

Formulating a Hypothesis

based on previous reviews and literature


Same hypothesis can be stated as a directional or Non-Directional hypothesis.

Directional - Stating postively/negatively correlated Non-Directional - Doesn’t state the correlations

For example - “Stress negatively affects wellbeing” is Directional “Stress affects wellbeiing” is Non-Directional

Research Problem → Should be in the form of an interrogative sense Research Objective Who is the sample? Factor that into the research objective. For example - “Does stress affect wellbeing in IT employees”

5. Research Design

Research Design

Plan, procedure, and structure of how you solve the research problems


  1. Research Design
  2. Variables
  3. Operational definition of variables - author’s definition of concepts is the operational definition and is the one that is used in the experiment
  4. Tool used to measure variables -
  5. Sampling Procedure
  6. Sample description
  7. Ethical Consideration
  8. Administration Procedure
  9. Statistics