Ethical considerations are principles that guide research code of conduct


to protect rights of research participants enhance research validity maintain academic integrity

Institutional Review Board (IRB)

reviews a research proposal and approves it only if it is ethical, and does not harm people any modification requires resubmitting proposal with modifications

Ethical Issues

  1. Voluntary participation (not coerced, can leave at any point)

  2. Informed consent (give information, take consent, make sure they understand)

  3. Anonymity (ensure anonymity. pseudonymization)

  4. Confidentiality (remove identifying information)

  5. Potential for harm

    1. Psychological
    2. Physical
    3. Social
    4. Legal
  6. Results communication (good communication, transparent)

  7. No plagiarism, even self-plagiarism