done at one and five minutes after

A - Appearance P - Pulse G - Reflexes A - Activity R - Respiration

Each indicator is rated on a 3 point scale (0,1,2)

Helps identify high risk infants who need resuscitation how it responds to stress of delivery and new environment

NBAS (Neonatal Behavioural Assessment Scale)

24 to 36 hours after birth tests their reflexes and sensitivity to them 16 reflexes are tested (sneezing, blinking, rooting) neurological competence

to assess normal healthy full-term

NNNS Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioural Scale

assesses - behaviour, neurological, stress response, regulatory capacities

at-risk infants pre-term and substance exposed infants

predicts developmental outcomes