Fred Karno - Pioneer in slapstick comedy

influential English music hall comedian and theatre impresario Fred Karno developed a form of sketch comedy without dialogue in the 1890s, and Chaplin and Laurel were among the young comedians who worked for him as part of “Fred Karno’s Army”


emphasis on physical comedy


visual gags

for example, pie in the face

sound effects to amplify effect

universal; transcends boundaries of language

appeals to everyone