Orders issued by a higher court to lower court, public authority, or individual to perform a specific action or to stop a particular action that is in violation of a person’s fundamental rights.

Habeas Corpus

secure the release of a person who has been unlawfully detained or imprisoned.


compels a public official or body to perform a legal duty that they have failed to fulfil


prevents a lower court from exceeding its jurisdiction or acting beyond its authority.


to question the legal authority or legitimacy of a person holding a public office.

Quo Warranto

quash the orders or decisions of an inferior court or tribunal that is acting beyond its jurisdiction