written by Ingrid Jonker

translated to English from Afrikaans

The line “The child is not dead is repeated throughout the poem

It symbolizes the hope and the resilience of the spirit of the nation, despite the constant killing. The child is a stand-in for the entire country, for the children in Africa, and for the entire nation of Africa

The child rises his fist against his mother his father

Child is the shadow of the soldiers Child is present at all meetings, legislations; peeps through windows of houses and into the hearts of mothers the child who just wanted to play in the sun at Nyanga is everywhere

ends with “Without a pass” the child is free to go anywhere, doesn’t need a pass / permission