“ties” refer to the relationships or connections between individuals or groups within a network

Types of Ties


lose, intimate relationships often characterized by frequent interaction and emotional support


casual connections, such as acquaintances or contacts with whom one interacts infrequently


when a person plays multiple roles/the role has multiple dimensions. For example, if a friend is also your colleagues


refer to relationships between two individuals or organizations.


Group ties refer to relationships between individuals or organizations that are connected through membership in a group or community.

Bridging Ties

connect individuals or organizations that are otherwise isolated or disconnected from one another

Boundary Spanning Ties

relationships that connect individuals or organizations from different contexts or domains together, usually for information exchange

Good Resource on Social Network Analysis - Social Networks (olizardo.github.io)