accd to him, the way they think, not how much they know, decides their cognitive development children actively construct their understanding of the world four stages of cognitive development two processes that the cognitive construction of the world

  • Organization
  • Adaptation We organize our experiences and observations We adapt to situations and new environmental demands

4 Stages

1. Sensorimotor Stage (birth to 2) infants construct an understanding of the world by coordinating sensory experiences with physical, motoric actions—hence the term sensorimotor 2. Preoperational Stage (2 - 7) represent the world with words and images 3. Concrete Operational Stage (7-11) can now reason logically about concrete events and classify objects into different sets 4. Formal Operational Stage (11+ to adulthood) can understand complex abstract concepts

Mnemonic:: SPCF