Bills: Proposed laws drafted and debated by a legislative body before becoming official laws

Acts: Bill that has been approved by a legislative body and signed into law. Acts are formal written laws governing a particular jurisdiction.

Ordinance: Ordinances are laws enacted by a local governing body, such as a city council or county board.

Plaintiff: the party who initiates the legal action by filing a complaint against another party, known as the defendant.

Defendant: The defendant is the party against whom a legal action or lawsuit is brought.

Affidavit: An affidavit is a written sworn statement of fact voluntarily made by an individual under oath or affirmation.

Evidence: Evidence refers to the information presented in court to support or refute a claim.

Accused: The accused is the individual or entity charged with committing a crime in a criminal proceeding.

Bail: Bail is the release of a defendant from custody pending trial or other legal proceedings, usually secured by posting a sum of money or collateral as a guarantee that the defendant will appear in court as required.

Prosecution: legal party responsible for presenting the case against the defendant

Defense Attorney: Legal party responsible for proving the defendant’s innocence