scientific study of behavior and mental processes as they relate to how people interact with, or relate to, others.

”**to understand and explain how the thoughts, feelings, and behavior of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied the presence of other human beings.*” - Gordon Allport

How our behaviors, perceptions, thinking, etc change in the presence of other people. studies both overt and covert behaviors. Influence of other people on us and vice versa

Social Psychology vs Sociology

focuses on the individual, not society at large social psychology is study of an individual in a social context

Social Structure

Social Environment

Social Interaction

What Does it Study?

prejudice group dynamics see also change in behaviour

conformity peer pressure

emerged after Existential and Humanistic Schools of Psychology

Concerned with

  1. cognitive processes how they are shaped why people do what they do how they react

  2. the environment


Historical Background of Social Psychology

late 19th century / early 20th century

1895 - First experiment Norman Triplett - Fishing Rod Experiment - led to social facilitation theory

World War II and Nazi Germany compelled thinkers to look at how humans are influenced

Kurt Lewin Father of Social Psych