imperialism often describes cases in which a foreign government administers a territory without significant settlement


as old as human civilization

can be considered having three phases in modern times

  • 1492 - mid-18th centry

  • Cold War


  • Economic (Adam Smith and David Ricardo argued imperialism does not confer benefits to everyone, just a small proportion of people.)
  • Security - supress others for the sake of “security of nation”
  • Social Darwinism -Machiaveli, Mussolini, Hitler
  • White Man’s Burden, moralistic

postcolonialism capitalism