Human Immunodeficiency Virus it attacks the immune system

if left untreated, it can progress to AIDS

targets white blood cells

spreads from bodily fluids of an infected person (blood, breast milk, semen, vaginal fluids) can be passed onto baby from mother


Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome late stage of HIV infection the natural immune system has become severely damaged


ART Antiretroviral Therapy

WHO now defines Advanced HIV Disease (AHD) as all children with HIV younger 5 years of age

WHO Reports

ongoing health issue 40.4 million lives affected

in just 2022, 6,30,000 people died by it and (!e) __ people died


depends on stage of infection spreads more easily in the first few months after infection they might be asymptomatic for first few weeks

in stage 1, influenza like symptoms

  • fever
  • headache
  • rash
  • sore throat

either continuous or frequently recurring

as it progresses,

  • swollen lymph nodes
  • weight loss
  • fever
  • diarrhea
  • cough

with no treatment, people with HIV can develop

  • Tuberculosis
  • Cryptococcal Meningitis
  • severe bacterial infections
  • cancers such as lymphoma and sarcomas
  • conditions like hepatitis a and b will get worse


  • unprotected sexual contact
  • sharing needles
  • mother to child
  • blood transfusions and organ transplants
  • occupational exposure