American psychologist who is a leading expert on human memory and eyewitness testimony.

She conducted groundbreaking research on memory distortion and false memories using methods such as misinformation effect, implanted memories, and lost-in-the-mall technique.

She showed that memory is not a faithful record of reality but rather a reconstructive process that is influenced by various factors such as expectations, suggestions, emotions, and social pressures. She also applied her findings to legal and forensic settings, such as court cases, police investigations, and therapy sessions.