Ecological Theory

these place emphasis on the environmental factors

Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory

Urie Bronfenbrenner proposed the ‘Ecological Systems Theory’ based on dynamic interactions that environments have on the child.

5 Stages

environment of the child is a nested arrangement of structures, each contained within the next Microsystem immediate environment; parents, siblings, teachers, peers Mesosystem Interaction between child’s microsystems. eg. teacher and parents interaction Exosystem external system, not immediately encompassing the child eg neighbourhood Macrosystem cultural elements, socioeconomic factors, geography, ethnicity, etc Chronosystem normative and non-normative events/transitions in an individual’s life moving to a different house, historical events, etc