concept came up during 1990s researchers and policy makers came up with digital divide - people who have access and people who don’t - haves and havenots

digital inequality

not just between individuals but also between nations

urban vs rural; rich vs poor; developed vs developing;

Three Types of Divide

Gender Divide

Social Divide

Universal Access Divide

physical disabilities, due to lack of digital literacy skills, low education levels, and inadequate broadband infrastructure.