was a group of associated English writers, intellectuals, philosophers and artists in the first half of the 20th century

According to Ian Ousby, “although its members denied being a group in any formal sense, they were united by an abiding belief in the importance of the arts.”

Their works and outlook deeply influenced literature, aesthetics, criticism, and economics as well as modern attitudes towards feminism, pacifism, and sexuality.

A well-known quote, attributed to Dorothy Parker, is “they lived in squares, painted in circles and loved in triangles”.

Members included: Virginia Woolf, Vanessa Bell Leonard Woolf Clive Bell Roger Fry etc.