Needs to be reworked

Attribution theory was first set by Heider, but later researchers added more to it. A lot of the biases listed here are not part of Heider’s original theory. They should me made into a separate list

Attribution Theory

by Fritz Heider

how humans attempt to make sense of behaviour how we infer or come to conclusions causal judgment

“Attribution theory deals with how the social perceiver uses information to arrive at causal explanations for events. It examines what information is gathered and how it is combined to form a causal judgment” — Fiske and Taylor


Dispositional attribution assigns the cause of behavior to some internal characteristic of a person rather than to outside forces.


The process of assigning the cause of behavior to some situation or event outside a person’s control rather than to some internal characteristic

Fundamental Attribution Theory

a person’s tendency to attribute another’s actions to their character or personality or internal circumstances rather than external factors such as the environment while attributing their own behavior to external factors

Self-serving Bias

attribute good things to internal and bad things to external to protect self-esteem

Actor-Observer Bias

exaggerate effect of internal factors in others and external factors in ours

Ultimate Fundamental Attribution Theory

Fundamental Attribution Theory extends to in-groups