AKA Phenomenological Approach

by Alfred Alder

emphasis on social interest

The other innate quality of humans according to Adler is the striving for superiority and social interest

holistic approach that emphasizes the importance of overcoming feelings of inferiority and gaining a sense of belonging

social interaction and community involvement

importance of understanding how a person is influenced by social context

driven by the need to feel that they are significant

Social Interest

the basis of Adlerian Approach to Therapy can be equated with empathy and compassion

Five Psychological Positions

based on birth order

  1. Oldest Child
  2. Second of Two
  3. Middle
  4. Youngest
  5. Only

Strive to be successful; if fulfilled = superiority complex, else = inferiority complex


Can be used to treat

  • Adjustment Issues
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Eating Disorders
  • Personality Disorders
  • Schizophrenia
  • Substance Abuse
  • Low self esteem

Role of Alderian Counsellors

can be helpful for people who are struggling with problems related to low self-esteem, loneliness, or negative thinking. By affirming the individual and rebuilding social relationships, people are able to gain confidence and empowerment that allows them to pursue their goals and make healthy choices.


Engagement Assessment Insight Reorientation